Guide to Weather in Colombia

Climate in Colombia

When is the best time to visit Colombia?

What To Expect From the Weather in Colombia

Colombia Climate Map

Colombia is usually divided into five main climate zones, all of which experience very different weather to each other. However, this is only part of the story, as the altitude within those zones can play a big part in changing the climate you experience on your holiday in Colombia.

The Caribbean coast and the Central Andes are the regions most-visited by tourists, and both have a dry season running roughly from December to March, with a second short dry spell usually falling between July and September. The rest of the year sees fairly high rainfall, with temperatures remaining warm and steady on the coast, but at the higher altitudes in the mountains they drop as you head into summer.

Both the Amazon and the Pacific Coast experience steady temperatures and fairly high rainfall all year, while the Llanos savannah in the east of the country has short spring and autumn rainy seasons, although it is unlikely your Colombia holiday will take you into this region.

All other things being equal, it means that the best time to visit Colombia is generally either between December and March, or in the summer months of July and August, when it can be cooler in the mountains and in places like San Agustin.

Bogota weather graph

Central Andes

Major Holiday Locations: Bogota, Villa de Leyva, Popayan

In the Central Andes, the main feature of the weather is the difference between the rainy and dry seasons. The two rainy seasons occur in the spring and autumn, and if possible it's best to avoid places like Bogota and Popayan during these periods. For absolute preference we'd say that the summer months of June-August are the best times to visit Bogota, Villa de Leyva and other Andean areas, as you avoid the colder winter nights.

Cartagena weather graph

Caribbean Coast

Major Holiday Locations: Cartagena, Santa Marta, Ciudad Perdida, Tayrona

Colombia's Caribbean coast sees uniformly warm temperatures throughout the year, but marked rises in rainfall and humidity from May through to November. The rain tends to be in brief, warm, showers, however - so don't let the idea of a bit of rain put you off: really any time of year is good for visiting places like Cartagena.

Colombian Amazon climate chart


Major Holiday Locations: San Agustin, Leticia

The Amazon rainforest 'proper' sees high rainfall and fairly high temperatures throughout the year. However, as the altitude rises to the west and north, the temperatures drop and areas like San Agustin see drier periods in the first half of the year, meaning that any time from January through to September is best to visit San Agustin and Tierradentro.

Coffee Triangle weather graph

Pacific & Coffee Triangle

Major Holiday Locations: Pereira, Manizales, Armenia

The Pacific coast of Colombia gets drenched with a whole ocean's-worth of rain, and in spring and autumn it can get really very wet indeed. As you climb away from the coast into the hills of the Coffee Triangle, however, you'll find the climate gets more balmy: winter or summer are the best times to visit this area.